Spina Bifida is a congenital condition that develops while the baby is still in the womb. It occurs when the spine and spinal cord do not form properly. It is a type of neural tube defect. The neural tube is the structure in a developing embryo that eventually develops into the baby’s brain, spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. In this case, the neural tube failed to close properly, resulting in an open lesion along the spine.
Every year, about 1,427 babies are born with Spina Bifida, or one in every 2,758 births, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In other words, 60 out of every 100,000 newborns have this condition worldwide. Apart from loss of control over urination and bowel movement, babies born with this disorder can also develop difficulties in walking. If treated appropriately, these children can lead a normal life, without any neurological dysfunction.