Gastrointestinal Disorders

Gastrointestinal Disorders

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Chronic Constipation
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Ulcers
  • Hemorrhoids

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive disorder that occurs when acidic stomach juices, or food and fluids back up from the stomach into the esophagus. GERD affects people of all ages—from infants to older adults.

People with asthma are at higher risk of developing GERD. Asthma flare-ups can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, allowing stomach contents to flow back, or reflux, into the esophagus. Some asthma medications may worsen reflux symptoms.

On the other hand, acid reflux can make asthma symptoms worse by irritating the airways and lungs. This, in turn, can lead to progressively more serious asthma. Also, this irritation can trigger allergic reactions and make the airways more sensitive to environmental conditions such as smoke or cold air. Controlling GERD usually begins with simple lifestyle changes, including avoiding food for at least two hours before bedtime. Over-the-counter remedies can also provide some short-term relief for occasional heartburn, but for chronic or serious GERD, a prescription medication or even surgery may be necessary.

Chronic Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a digestive condition that causes loose or watery stools. Many people experience diarrhea at some point. These bouts are often acute and resolve in a couple of days with no complications. Other people, however, live with diarrhea that persists for more than two to four weeks trusted Source. This is called chronic diarrhea.

Acute, or short-term, diarrhea usually isn’t serious. But chronic loose, watery stools can lead to problems if left untreated. So it’s important to understand the cause of this type of diarrhea and treat any underlying condition. Chronic diarrhea can be an indication of a more serious problem that may need medical intervention and should be evaluated by a medical professional.

Chronic Constipation


The definition of chronic constipation varies from people to people. For some, chronic constipation means infrequent bowel movements for weeks at a time. To others, chronic constipation means straining or having difficulty in passing stools. For instance, many people describe chronic constipation as they feel like you need to have a bowel movement, but no matter how longer you sit, it just will not happen. With chronic constipation, people may have hard or formed stools, small stools, or a combination of infrequent hard, formed stools.

Generally, the definition of chronic constipation is a stool frequency of less than three per week that lasts several months. Still, experts believe that many who think they suffer from chronic constipation may actually underestimate the frequency of their bowel habits, so this definition may not be accurate

Gastroenteritis / Stomach flu

With symptoms like a fever, vomiting, diarrhea and headaches, that is why no wonder many people knows this as a stomach flu. Gastroenteritis is a very common condition that causes diarrhea and vomiting. It's usually caused by a bacterial or viral tummy bug. It affects people of all ages, but is very common in younger kids.

Most cases in children are caused by a virus called rotavirus. Cases in adults are usually caused by norovirus (the "winter vomiting bug") or bacterial food poisoning.

Gastroenteritis can be very unpleasant, but it usually clears up by itself within a week. You can normally look after yourself or your child at home until you're feeling better.

Ulcers


Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. Ulcers can also occur in part of the intestine just beyond the stomach. These are known as duodenal ulcers. Both stomach and duodenal ulcers are sometimes referred to as peptic ulcers. Here the term stomach ulcer will be used, although the information applies equally to duodenal ulcers.

A physician can run tests to determine if the peptic ulcer is caused by an infection (usually H. pylori) and prescribe antibiotics for treatment. A proton pump inhibitor to reduce the acid in the stomach is also often prescribed. Untreated, ulcers can not only cause pain, but may bleed, leading to anemia.

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids which is called as Piles are the swollen veins located in the smooth muscles of the walls of the rectum and anus. They are a normal part of the anatomy and are located at the junction where small arteries joins into veins. They are supported by smooth muscles and connective tissue and are classified by where they are located in relationship to the pectinate line.

This is an important anatomic distinction because of the type of cells that line hemorrhoid, and the nerves that provide sensation. The most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is bright red blood covering stools (bowel movements), on toilet paper, or in the toilet. Internal hemorrhoids may poke through to outside the body and become irritated and painful.

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